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Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus

Tips for Diabetic Foot Care

  • Step #1. Have your doctor check your feet regularly.
    See your family doctor regularly to be sure your diabetes is in good control. Have your doctor look at your feet at every visit.
  • Step #2. Wear the right shoes and socks.
    Don’t wear shoes that fit too tightly or pinch your feet. Choose thick cotton socks and well-cushioned shoes with plenty of room in the toes. (Look for shoes with a high toe box.) They will help keep your feet healthy. Never go barefoot.
  • Step #3. Check your feet every day.
    Look at your feet very carefully every day to be sure you have no cuts, scrapes or blisters. Look at every part of your foot, even between your toes.
  • Step #4. Treat cuts, scrapes and blisters. See your doctor if a wound does not heal.
    If you get a small cut, scrape or blister on your foot, wash the area gently with soap and water. Don’t break the blister. Put an antibiotic cream on the wound several times a day. If the wound does not heal in a few days, see your doctor.
  • Step #5. Keep your feet clean.
    Gently wash your feet with soap and water every day. Pat your feet dry. Put on a moisturizing cream or ointment (for example, petroleum jelly). Don’t put too much moisturizer between your toes, however.
  • Step #6. Cut your toenails correctly.
    Cut your toenails straight across the top, not curved at the sides, to prevent ingrown toenails. Ask your doctor for help if your nails are too thick or if they crack when you try to cut them.
  • Step #7. Treat athlete’s foot.
    Athlete’s foot is more common in people who have diabetes, and it can cause problems. If you have athlete’s foot, wear a different pair of shoes every other day. This lets your shoes dry out. Always wear absorbent cotton socks. See your doctor if over-the-counter treatments don’t clear up your athlete’s foot.
  • Step #8. Get proper treatment for thickened skin, calluses and corns.
    Many people with diabetes get thickened skin, calluses or corns over the bony spots on their feet. Don’t trim or cut these spots at home with razor blades or other sharp tools. Ask your doctor how to treat these spots.
  • Step #9. Avoid heating pads and hot water foot soaks.
    Because diabetes can hurt the nerves in your feet, you might not be able to tell if something is hurting your feet. It’s best not to use heating pads or hot water soaks, since you could burn your feet without knowing it.
  • Step #10. Take action to improve your circulation.
    High blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and smoking can harm the circulation in your feet and keep sores from healing. Ask your doctor for help if you have any of these problems.

Nutrition and Diet

Healthy Eating

Good nutrition is one of the keys to a healthy life. You can improve your health by keeping a balanced diet. Energy from nutrients in the food that you eat is carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Minerals and vitamins are other nutrients that are also important in your diet to help your body stay healthy. This includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy, and a source of protein. You may need to improve your eating habits for better nutrition.

What are the benefits of a healthy diet?

A healthy diet aid in preventing and minimizing the risk of certain ailments such as diabetes, heart diseases and cancers etc. healthy diet also plays an important role in quick and speedy recovery and also lower the risk for complications.

What makes up a healthy diet?

To achieve maximum health benefits it is important to find the right balance between nutrients.  A balanced diet generally contains food from each of the following food groups:

  • Starchy foods such as bread, rice, potatoes, pasta, etc.
  • Fruit and vegetables.
  • Milk and dairy foods.
  • Protein foods. These include meat, fish, eggs and other non-dairy sources of protein (including nuts, beans, pulses, etc).
  • Fatty and sugary foods are the fifth food group that you eat. However, only a small amount of what you eat should be made up from fatty and sugary foods.

Addition to the above, plenty of fibre and water in your diet is also important for your health.

Obesity and Weight Reduction

If you are overweight or obese, eating a healthy diet can help you lose weight. As well as healthy eating, regular physical exercise is also very important for health and to avoid or reduce obesity.

Path to improved health

It can be hard to make changes in your eating habits. It helps if you are focus on small changes. Making changes to your diet may also be beneficial if you have diseases that can be made worse by things you are eating or drinking. Balanced nutrition and regular exercise are good for your health. These habits can help you lose or maintain weight. Try to set realistic goals. They could be making some of the small diet changes or walking daily.

Find the strong and weak points in your current diet. If so, you’re on the right track! Keep it up. If not, add more of these foods to your daily diet.

  • Keep track of your food intake by writing down what you eat and drink every day. This record will help you assess your diet. You’ll see if you need to eat more or less from certain food groups.
  • Think about asking for help from a dietitian. They can help you follow a special diet, especially if you have a health issue.

Dietitians suggest making healthy eating habits a part of daily life rather than following fad diets. Nutrition tips and diets from different sources can be misleading.

Good nutrition doesn’t come in a pill. Try eating a variety of foods instead. Your body benefits most from healthy whole foods. Only take vitamins that are prescribed.

Questions to ask your registered Dietitian

  • How many servings should I eat from each food group?
  • Are there certain eating habits I should follow for my health condition?