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Bone Health

Bone Health

Bones are important part of the body as they support body structure. They are made up of calcium, phosphate and many other minerals, and fibers. Osteoporosis is a disease of weak bone which can manifest as fracture that causes disability. Vitamin D and parathyroid hormone are essential to regulate bone minerals to keep bones healthy and strong. Other than aging and menopause, unhealthy life style, smoking, hormonal imbalance and certain medications can weaken your bones. Bone specific imaging studies like DEXA scan, heel ultrasound, etc, can be used for early detection of weak bones. Screening for weak bones (osteopenia, osteoporosis) should be performed after age 65 in females and 70 in males, women with early menopause or persons who are on specific medication. Healthy life style is the key to strong bones. It includes good amount of calcium in diet, physical activity, smoking cessation and maintaining good vitamin D level. Once osteoporosis is diagnosed, it should be treated by bone strengthening drugs, for example bisphosphonates. Talk to your nearest bone care specialist or Endocrinologist about your bone health.